WHAT IS MOLLY?
Molly is the street name for MDMA, which is the synthetic chemical used in the well-known drug, Ecstasy. MDMA, which floods the brain with the neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, produces euphoric effects; it has actually been used in patients for psychotherapy purposes but was declared illegal in the United States in the 1980s.
Today, The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) lists MDMA as a Schedule I controlled substance. Schedule I controlled substances are those that have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use. The most dangerous category of drugs, Schedule I drugs have the potential to lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
MYTHS ABOUT MOLLY
Today, the biggest myth about Molly is that it is always the pure form of MDMA. This makes the leading myth about Molly the most deadly, potentially.
Molly is often sold in the form of capsules or tablets, which usually contain a mixture of substances that make for cost savings for the manufacturers – but possible fatal consequences for the users. According to a November 2013 CNN report, the majority of DEA seizures over the past few years revealed that what had been sold as Molly actually contained no MDMA at all. In fact, because Molly has evolved from a pure form of MDMA into a toxic mixture of lab-manufactured chemicals, the DEA has described the use of Molly as “playing Russian roulette.”
Because of this common misperception of Molly being pure MDMA, those using it have usually bought into the FALSE idea that Molly:
- Is not a health hazard
- Is not addictive
- Does not have negative side effects
EFFECTS OF MOLLY
Molly’s effects are usually felt within 45 minutes of ingestion. Once Molly begins to take effect, a user might feel:
- A false sense of calm/skewed sense of reality
- Very alert
- An enhanced sense of touch
In some users, negative side effects begin to present right away. These side effects may include:
- High blood pressure/Increased heart rate
- Teeth clenching
- Blurred vision
Such effects are just some of the negative experiences Molly/MDMA can trigger. According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, the surge of serotonin caused by taking MDMA depletes the brain of this important chemical and can also lead to:
- Drug cravings
In some users, these effects can last days or even weeks after taking the drug.
THE MAKEUP OF MOLLY
What’s in Molly these days will often mimic the effects of MDMA but usually includes substances that can cause health complications such as panic attacks, extreme allergic reactions, and severe temperature regulation problems. Common adulterants used in Molly include:
- Cathinones (Bath Salts)
DEATH BY MOLLY
Despite the word on the street that Molly provides a safe high, the reality is that the use of this drug has been connected to fatalities. In a Department of Justice Statement provided for a hearing entitled Dangerous Synthetic Drugs, presented by the DEA on September 25, 2013, reference was made to suspected Molly-related deaths:
“On June 30, 2013, one person died and 125 were hospitalized after ingesting a drug called ‘Molly’ while attending the Central Washington State Music Festival. At a bar in Boston, on August 28, 2013, three people overdosed, and one person died from a drug overdose from what authorities believe may have been ‘Molly.’ And on September 2, 2013, two people died and four more were hospitalized in New York City at a concert after apparently taking a drug marketed as ‘Molly.’ Toxicology reports will provide a better understanding of the causes of these deaths.”